Earth Waste Management Company
If we pause from our daily routines and look around we will notice one thing: we are surrounded by electrical and electronic devices. At home, in offices, in industries and in public utilities these have become indispensable. Life is impossible without electrical and electronic products. What happens when any of these devices become faulty or outdated? Given the high cost of repairs, sometimes difficulty or impossibility of finding parts or simply because the device has become obsolete, these end up in trash and constitute e-waste. Any electrical device like refrigerator, air conditioner, iron, toaster, microwave oven is e-waste when discarded. Electronic devices are e-wastes when discarded.
FElectrical and electronic devices are made up of plastic parts, glass, ceramics and metals. An electronic device may have copper, beryllium, lead, cadmium and mercury. Most devices have PCBs with copper tracks that have trace amounts of beryllium. Solder is made up of tin and lead alloy. Cadmium may be used to plate the cabinets or in metal parts. Mercury is found in compact fluorescent lamps and tubelights and HPMV lamps.
These metals are highly toxic to all life forms, even trees and microorganisms. What is worse, once in the system, these heavy metals are difficult to remove and can leave lasting effects with partial to total impairment of body and its functions. The PCBs are made of glass epoxy or phenolic, both toxic to life forms. Kabadiwalas may burn wires to recover copper and aluminum and the insulation, usually made of PVC, when burnt releases toxic gases into the atmosphere.
People sell such e-wastes to scrap traders who dispose it off after breaking it down into parts and sometimes burn it. Some parts find their way into landfills. This is highly unsafe and toxic to the environment.
In advanced countries you will find that there are designated e-waste collection agencies and centres where people can hand over e-wastes for further process or recycling. In India, the concept is yet to take off. We are facilitating this process. The solution to handle e-waste is to have a specialist processing unit take in th e-waste , separate it into component parts and then extract raw materials or usable components and parts or make them ready
for recycling. The unusable hazardous waste left over must then be disposed off safely without impacting the environment. There is also a need for government to become involved and use public media to educate people about the hazards of e-wastes and teach them the right way to dispose off such waste.